How to write an abstract for a meta-analysis

Possible augmentation of warfarin effect by glucosamine-chondroitin. Stop taking glucosamine sulfate at least 2 weeks before a scheduled surgery. If the abstract is well written and describes clearly the content of the paper, you can attract readers to your article when they skim the abstract during a search of the literature.

Again, authors need to follow the guidelines of the journal to which the paper is being submitted. Qualitative assessment is time consuming, so samples are usually small in size and non-representative, which in turn limit the conclusions that can be made about effects in a population.

Our evidence

They communicate their solutions with the computer by writing source code in some particular computer language which can be translated into machine code for different types of computers to execute.

Prospective studies should further investigate the underlying mechanisms of this relationship. Nutritional supplementation for those with malnutrition, or during periods of reduced oral intake.

Possible association between glucosamine treatment and renal toxicity: Glucosamine infusion in rats mimics the beta-cell dysfunction of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Two independent reviewers assessed the eligibility of each report based on predefined inclusion criteria study design and measure of depression and IR, excluding prevalent cases of diabetes.

The prevalence and incidence of coronary heart disease is significantly increased in periodontitis: Thiopurines are not suitable for acute flare-ups.

Medications for cancer Topoisomerase II Inhibitors Some medications for cancer work by decreasing how fast cancer cells can copy themselves. I have devised a spreadsheet for this purpose Hopkins, c.

Calcineurin inhibitors are reserved for special circumstances. A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, controlled trials, and unpublished data was conducted to examine the association between depression and insulin resistance IR.

Why are clinical trials of glucosamine no longer uniformly positive. These physical marks, in other words, acted as material abstractions of a materially abstract process of accounting, using conceptual abstractions numbers to communicate its meaning.

Perhaps confusingly, some philosophies refer to tropes instances of properties as abstract particulars —e. A secondary analysis of adjusted and corresponding unadjusted data when available was also conducted using the random-effects models.

How subjects were sampled is an important issue. Individual effect sizes were standardized, and a meta-analysis was performed to calculate a pooled effect size using random effects.

In fact, in the hierarchy of evidence Figure 1where clinical evidence is ranked according to the strength of the freedom from various biases that beset medical research, meta-analyses are in the top. To answer this question, we search for and collate all the existing primary research on a topic that meets certain criteria; then we assess it using stringent guidelines, to establish whether or not there is conclusive evidence about a specific treatment.

Meta-analysis: Principles and procedures

This will give patients and prescribers the opportunity to make safe choices for managing patients with pain in Canada. Meta-analysis is a quantitative, formal, epidemiological study design used to systematically assess previous research studies to derive conclusions about that body of research.

Something that enhances performance in young or untrained individuals may not work so well in highly trained athletes, who may have less headroom for improvement. There is no increase in adverse effects compared with placebo [ 50 ]. Are there safety concerns. Sometimes the research may have been done: Glucosamine supplementation after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in athletes: In most studies in our discipline, sample sizes are smaller than they ought to be.

Community Dent Oral Epidemiol ; Key words should be integrated in the abstract to facilitate readers finding your paper in a search of the literature and for use in indexing. Glucosamine sulfate is a chemical found in the human body.

Immune modifiers — thiopurines Thiopurines are no more effective than placebo for inducing remission of CD or UC [ 41 ]; they are effective for maintenance of remission induced by corticosteroids [ 41 ].

A total of 21 studies were included in the systematic review, and the extracted data are summarized in Table 1. They have no role in the maintenance of remission. At the same time, materially, the 'practice of statehood is now constitutively and materially more abstract than at the time when princes ruled as the embodiment of extended power'.

Therapeutic drug monitoring which includes both measurement of circulating drug levels and also measurement of antibodies to the drug is more widely available for infliximab than any other anti-TNF.


There is a high colectomy rate 12 months after the introduction of CSA. Other cancers may be increased [ 41 ], especially nonmelanoma skin cancers and possibly melanoma. If the sample size is too small--as in almost all studies in sport and exercise science--you can get a statistically non-significant effect even when there is a substantial effect in the population.

Explanation: The abstract should make it clear that the report is a systematic review, meta-analysis, or both (examples 1a and 1b).

Search filters have been developed to identify systematic reviews [16], but inclusion of the words “systematic review” or “meta-analysis” in the title may improve indexing and electronic searching. Vaccines are proven safe, right? You may be surprised to find how non-evidence based this belief really is.

A few days ago, The Washington Post published an op-ed piece by a medical ethicist who thinks that all doctors who have concerns about vaccines should lose their licenses. Last week, it was. Three studies were excluded from the meta-analysis; one study was published as an abstract and did not include any information about sampling method, baseline clinical characteristics of the sample population, and depression measure.

When writing an abstract for other types of papers, the key principle is for the abstract to summarize the content of the paper. For articles about clinical practice, or other practice areas such as teaching, the abstract should include a statement on implications.

Meta-Analysis Definition A subset of systematic reviews; a method for systematically combining pertinent qualitative and quantitative study data from several selected studies to develop a single conclusion that has greater statistical power.

An abstract is a brief summary of a research article, thesis, review, conference proceeding or any in-depth analysis of a particular subject or discipline, and is often used to help the reader quickly ascertain the paper's purpose.

How to write an abstract for a meta-analysis
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